American Robin

Turdus migratorius

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Often referred to as “robin red-breast,” this bird is as distinctive for its coloring as it is for this cheery song. Both males and females have a bright brick-red chest and belly. The feathers on the back are usually black in males, but more a dull gray in females. The American Robin is almost synonymous in North America with the start of spring. A favorite songbird, robins will winter at southern latitudes including into Central America. They will begin to return north in February and March. They are common along the Pacific coast throughout the year, and will often winter here. They generally breed in more northern parts of the continent, from Alaska east to Newfoundland.

Although robins originally nested in forests and woodlands, they are more urbanized now and can be frequently found in human populated areas, making them a favorite for both amateur and professional bird-watchers.

Range and Habitat

Common in open woodlands and among human habitations in towns and cities. They often prefer to nest in gardens or large trees overlooking lawns where it hunts grubs, caterpillars and grasshoppers. They are common migratory birds that can be found throughout North America and parts of Central America.

Conservation Status

Common. Although the bird was once widely hunted as a food source, it is now protected by the Migratory Bird Treaty Act of 1918.