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Glossary of Terms

Geology
The science that deals with the earth’s physical structure, history and the natural processes that created it.
Geography
The scientific study of the physical features and atmosphere of the Earth and how they affect or are affected by human activity.
Gale
A strong wind typically between 32-64 mph (51.4 - 103 km/h).
Gastropod
A class of animal that includes snails, slugs and limpets. These can include both terrestrial, fresh water and salt water varieties of these animals.
Generalist Species
An organism that can thrive in a wide variety of environments because it can more easily adapt to changing conditions and make use of different resources.
Geocaching
A recreational activity which involves hunting for hidden objects (caches) using the Global Positioning System (GPS).
Germinate
When a plant begins to grow after a period of dormancy.
Glacier
A moving mass of ice which is formed by the accumulation of snow and ice on mountainsides or near the poles.
Global Positioning System
(Also known as GPS) A sophisticated space-based navigation system which uses orbiting satellites to provide exact location information for any place on the Earth’s surface.
Grass
A mainly herbaceous plant with jointed stems and long, narrow leaves.

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